The hip and groin comprises the pelvic bone, pubis, sacroiliac joints and the head of the femur. The femoral head that sits in the acetabulum of the pelvis, forms what is referred to as the hip joint. The hip joint itself is covered in a smooth cartilage which ensures a smooth movement throughout its ranges. Pain in the hip and groin are common complaints and can be referred from the lower back, sacroiliac joints or from tissue injury in the local area. Musculoskeletal pain in the hip and groin can be very debilitating and can cause great difficulty in mobility and performing every day tasks. Hip pain can occur at any age but hip degeneration (wear) and referred pain are often associated with increasing age. Muscle inflammation and groin pain occurs more frequently in the younger population. Treatment is therefore always adapted to suite the age and overall health of the individual. Often there is a correlation between hip and groin pain and a difference in leg length.