The majority of people experience knee pain to some degree at some point in their lives. Generally, our body movements don’t cause us pain but it is not surprising that pain can gradually develop over time due to everyday wear and tear, overuse or injury. Injuries and problems associated with the knee commonly occur during sports, recreation, work or performing routine tasks.
The knee, the largest joint in the body accounts for around 1/3 of sporting injuries only second to ankle injuries. The knee is comprised of two major bones the Femur (the thigh bone) and the Tibia (the shin bone). Between these bones sit the two discs that aid smooth joint movement and shock absorption (the menisci). Within and around the joint there are ligaments, tendons and muscles which give strength and stability, while aiding in controlled movement of the knee.
It is important to assess the full chain relating to the knee. This includes the ankle, the knee itself, the hips, pelvis and low back. Improper function in these areas can have distant effects on the functioning of the knee and its surrounding structures. Time is therefore taken to not only assess the knee itself but also other areas that may also contribute or be the cause of the knee pain.